¿Cómo evaluar a los integrantes de la élite política? Una propuesta basada en los presidentes americanos

  • Ignacio Arana Pontificia Universidad Católica

Resumen

Este artículo repasa críticamente el estudio sobre la élite política, incluyendo la evolución histórica de su significado, rol, composición, independencia y las opciones para analizar a sus miembros. Argumenta que para avanzar en el estudio de los integrantes de la élite es necesario examinar sus diferencias individuales. A modo de ejercicio, se abordan algunas diferencias individuales de quienes están en la cúspide de la élite política en sistemas presidenciales, los presidentes. El análisis muestra que, tomados como grupo, los presidentes del continente tienen un origen socioeconómico medianamente acomodado, al menos un tercio ha sido abogado o participado en fuerzas de seguridad, y que tienden a puntuar bajo en amabilidad y neuroticismo, moderadamente alto en extraversión y apertura a la experiencia, y alto en responsabilidad. Este ejercicio sugiere una agenda de investigación que puede extenderse a otros integrantes de la élite.

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Palabras clave Élites, élite política, presidentes, diferencias individuales, personalidad.
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Arana, I. (2016). ¿Cómo evaluar a los integrantes de la élite política? Una propuesta basada en los presidentes americanos. Política. Revista de Ciencia Política, 54(1), pp. 219-254. Consultado de https://revistapolitica.uchile.cl/index.php/RP/article/view/42714/45159
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2016-07-23